Fast, concise facts and information about Saint Catherine of the Wheel
The following provides fast and concise facts and information:
- The patron of Philosophers, Theologians and Royal women
- Born: c287 in Alexandria, Egypt
- Memorial Day / Feast Day: November 25th
- Date of Death: Saint Catherine died in A.D. 307
- Cause of Death: Beheaded
Who or what is Saint Catherine the patron saint of?
Saint Catherine is the patron of Philosophers, Theologians and Royal women. Meanings, definition and origins - a patron is considered to be a defender of a specific group of people or of a nation. There is a patron for virtually every cause, profession or special interest. Prayers are considered more likely to be answered by asking a patron for intercession on their behalf.
The Story and History of Saint Catherine
The story and history of Saint Catherine. Catherine of Alexandria (also now known as Saint Catherine of the Wheel) was of noble birth, the daughter of Constus, governor of Alexandria in Egypt. She was extremely well educated and was receptive to new ideas. She converted to Christianity and started to preach the faith to many learned people. At this time Gaius Valerius Galerius Maximinus (c. 270 - 313) and Roman emperor from 308 to 313 was persecuting Christians. Emperor Maximinus offered Catherine a royal marriage if she would deny her faith in Christianity. She refused and was scourged and thrown into prison. The wife of the Emperor became curious about the young girl and was converted to the faith by her teachings, as were many Roman soldiers. When the emperor discovered this they were all put to death. Catherine was broken on the wheel and then beheaded.
Death of Saint Catherine
There are two categories of saints: martyrs and confessors. A Christian martyr is regarded as one who is put to death for his Christian faith or convictions. Confessors are people who died natural deaths. Date of Death: Saint Catherine died in A.D. 307. Cause of Death: Beheaded.
Why is Saint Catherine the patron of Philosophers, Theologians and Royal women? And How Saint Catherine is represented in Christian Art
It is helpful to be able to recognise Saint Catherine in paintings, stained glass windows, illuminated manuscripts, architecture and other forms of Christian art. The artistic representations reflect the life or death of saints, or an aspect of life with which the person is most closely associated. Her principal symbol is the spiked wheel, which has become known as the Catherine wheel. Saint Catherine is also represented in Christian Art with a wheel. The wheel is generally broken, because, after she was bound upon it, by the intervention of Heaven it was shattered, and the flying fragments dealt death to her executioners. Under her feet is seen the turbaned head of the tyrant Maximinus, symbolical of the triumph of Christianity over the Infidel. Instead of the sword, the actual instrument of her martyrdom, a book is placed in her hand, in token of her learning. The crown upon her head bespeaks her royal dignity. As a noble's daughter she is patroness of princesses and ladies of noble birth. She is patroness also of students, philosophers, and theologians, because she put to confusion all the rhetoricians and scholars who came to dispute with her from all parts of the empire.
Feast Day of Saint Catherine
The Feast Day of Saint Catherine is November 25th. The origin of Feast Days: most saints have specially designated feast days and are associated with a specific day of the year and these are referred to as the saint's feast day. The feast days first arose from the very early Christian custom of the annual commemoration of martyrs on the dates of their deaths at the same time celebrating their birth into heaven.